How to Plant Fruit Bushes


Fruit bushes consist mainly of berry bushes such as blueberries, raspberries, blackberries, gooseberries and currants. However, such a wide range of bush fruit also has a wide range of growing conditions to be aware of. Be sure you known the proper conditions for growing the fruit bushes of your choice before you plant them. These conditions include USDA zone, light requirements and soil requirements, so you can get the most out of your plants.

Step 1

Choose a growing location for your fruit bushes that corresponds to their growing requirements. Currants and gooseberries need partial shade and moist soil, according to Cornell University, while blueberries need full sun and sandy, acidic soil in which to thrive. Blackberries and raspberries need well-drained soil and full sun.

Step 2

Rake up any large rocks from the garden area you plan to plant the fruit bushes in. Pull up any weeds by the roots and turn the soil well with the cultivator. According to Times Online, you should work 4 to 5 inches of compost into the soil to a depth of 6 to 8 inches with the cultivator to improve your soil's condition.

Step 3

Dig a hole slightly deeper than the root balls of the fruit bushes and two to three times as wide. Loosen the soil at the bottom of the holes and sprinkle a handful of bone meal in each hole, according to Times Online. Space each hole 2 to 3 feet apart from for raspberries, blueberries and blackberries, according to the University of Maine, and 5 to 6 feet apart for currants and gooseberries.

Step 4

Loosen the roots of the fruit bushes and place them into the holes. Fill the holes with soil and pat them down firmly.

Step 5

Water the fruit bushes well, adding about 2 inches of water for each bush to ensure it seeps down into the roots.

Tips and Warnings

  • Before you plant black currants, be sure it is legal in you state.

Things You'll Need

  • Long-handled spade
  • Compost
  • Rake
  • Cultivator
  • Bone meal


  • Cornell University: Gooseberries and Currants
  • Times Online: Fruit bushes: What to grow and how to get a good crop
  • University of Maine: Growing Raspberries and Blackberries
Keywords: planting fruit bushes, plant fruit bushes, fruit bushes

About this Author

Hollan Johnson is a freelance writer for many online publications including Garden Guides and eHow. She is also a contributing editor for Brighthub. She has been writing freelance since 2008 and her interests are travel, gardening, sewing, and Mac computers. Prior to freelance writing, Johnson taught English in Japan. Johnson has a Bachelor of Arts in linguistics from the University of Las Vegas, Nevada.