Maryland's terrain can boast of mountains, seashore and flatlands, each contributing different native plants to the landscape. Gardeners pick flowers from their own or from other regions of the state to create a Maryland garden. Replicate their natural environments and Maryland's native plants will provide years of enjoyment for gardeners and local wildlife.
Black-eyed Susan (Rudbeckia hirta) is the state flower of Maryland and is hardy in all areas of the state. The plant grows from 2 to 3 feet tall and 1 to 2 feet wide. Flowers with orange-yellow petals and dark brown center disks measure up to 3 inches across, and bloom from June to September. The plant's hairy, lance-shaped leaves measure 3 to 7 inches long. Plant black-eyed Susan in full sun and in moist, well-drained soil.
Seaside goldenrod (Solidago sempervirens L.) has dark green evergreen leaves growing around the base of the plant, which reaches from 2 to 8 feet tall. Deep yellow flowers grow in clusters at the tips of the stems, and bloom in August, September and October. Plant seaside goldenrod in full sun, in soil that is sandy and moist. The plant is found growing along the coastal plains of Maryland. Birds will make a meal out of the seeds.
Fire pink (Silene virginica) is hardy throughout Maryland and likes full sun or partial shade and a moist, sandy or clay soil. The plant grows from 1 to 1 1/2 feet tall and up to 1 1/2 feet wide. Red flowers 2 inches across grow in clusters at the top of the stems. Narrow, lance-shaped leaves grow up to 4 inches long. The flowers bloom from April to June.
Heart-leaved aster (Aster cordifolius) grows from 2 to 5 feet tall and up to 2 feet wide. Leaves lower down on the stems are heart-shaped and up to 5 inches long. Leaves on the upper section are smaller and egg-shaped. Flowers with light blue or dark blue petals and yellow center disks grow in clusters and bloom in August and September. Heart-leaved aster is hardy in all of Maryland and likes full sun or partial shade and a moist, rich soil. The flowers are a favorite of butterflies.
Swamp mallow (Hibiscus moscheutos) is also known as swamp hibiscus and swamp rose mallow. The plant grows up to 7 feet tall, dies off in the winter and comes back the next spring. Leaves are smooth on top and hairy on the underside, growing 6 to 8 inches long and 2 to 3 inches wide. Flowers with white or pink petals surrounding crimson centers grow to about 6 inches across. Plant swamp mallow in full sun and a moist soil. The plant is hardy in all of Maryland and is a favorite stop for butterflies.