Starting a new lawn or redoing one that already exists is accomplished in several ways. The yard can be plugged with small sections of grass, which is maintained until it spreads over the entire area. You could also seed the lawn and wait for it to grow. The quickest way to a new yard, however, is to install sod and get an instant lawn. This quick end result is not without hard work, and you must be prepared to stay off it for a while until the roots establish.
Remove the old lawn if one exists. Killing the grass will help weaken the roots and make it easier to shovel up. Spray vinegar on the yard and wait a few days for the grass to turn brown.
Shovel up the old grass. To get rid of it, bag it for removal or dispose of it in a wooded area.
Test the soil for its pH level. It needs to be at least 6.0. Add fertilizer to adjust the pH if it is needed.
Till the soil up to bring air to the dirt and help with drainage. If the soil is packed, add some sand and mix it in. The sand will help with drainage.
Rake the dirt out smooth.
Measure the lawn to determine the amount of sod needed. Sod comes in 6-foot strips that are 1-yard wide, which equals 2 square yards. Purchase the amount of sod you need at a home-improvement store or garden center.
Place a roll of sod in one corner of the yard and roll it out. Start the next roll at the end of the first. Repeat this until you need to start a new row. Start the new roll by putting it up against the first row. As you roll the sod out, make sure the different rows have staggered seams.
Cut end pieces off with a knife so that it fits the yard correctly. Cut out around landscaping as well.
Use a hammer to nail small wooden stakes through the sod on their four corners. The purpose of this is to keep the grass from shifting while it establishes its roots.
Water the yard each day in the morning to keep it damp and encourage root growth. After two weeks, the roots should have grown into the earth.