The South Asian nation of India is one of the most biodiverse regions on the planet. India has a vast array of different climates, due to its vast size, and as a result offers a large variety of different flowers. There are several different types of flowers that are particularly common in India, such as the lotus, which is the country's official national flower.
The lotus is the national flower of the nation, and is considered to be sacred. Known scientifically as Nelumbo nucifera, the plant is ancient and has a history that goes back over two millenniums. In India, the lotus is believed to have divine roots and is considered sacred by followers of both Buddhism and Hinduism. Buddha was believed to rest on a lotus for half of the year. The Buddhist heaven, which is called Shambala, is often portrayed as a vast field of lotuses. Lotus flowers are white or pink in color, and are also known as "Bean of India," "Sacred Lotus" and "Indian Lotus."
The Kadamba tree is a highly common flowering plant all throughout India. The Kadamba is referred to botanically as Anthocephalus cadamba. The tree is considered to be holy to an ancient Indian royal family known as the Kadamba Dynasty, hence its name. The tree bears an orange flower that has a soft and sweet fragrance and round shape. The flowers are particularly common in Mayapur and Vrindavan. The tree produces a fruit that is edible. Its leaves are often used as cattle feed.
The crinum is a perennial plant that is very common in India and other parts of South Asia. Apart from South Asia, the plants exist in the United States, Australia and the Caribbean region. The plant is part of the Amaryllidaceae family. The plants are herbaceous and are notable for their bulbs, which are tunicated and large. The crinum has sheathing, basal leaves that are shaped similarly to swords, or are linear in nature. The leaves range in color from pale to deep green. Its flowers are small and white, and have a soft fragrance. Honeybees are attracted to the flowers. Crinums are common ornamental and landscape plants in India.