People worldwide use aloe plants for medicinal purposes to treat cuts and burns. There are over 400 aloe species, reports the University of California Davis Botanical Conservatory. Aloe varieties may be short-stalked to trunk forming, in which case they resemble small trees. This succulent forms rosettes of thick leaves. Aloes produce long flower stalks topped with tubular flowers. These rare flowers are white, yellow, orange and red. Aloe is a warm-weather plant, so it works well when grown as a houseplant.
Wash a container that is a couple of inches larger than the root ball of the aloe plant with soapy water. Rinse the plant pot with one part bleach and nine parts water. This eliminates the chance of spreading plant disease and hiding insect pests.
Drill holes in the bottom of the container, if there are no drainage holes. Cover the holes with a screen mesh to prevent soil from falling through the drain holes.
Mix together equal parts of potting soil, perlite and sand. Commercial cacti potting soil can be used instead. Aloes enjoy good-draining soil to prevent the roots from becoming waterlogged.
Fill the container up to two inches from the rim. This allows room to catch water. Dig a hole as deep as the root ball in the container with a hand trowel. Remove the aloe from its container. Place the aloe root ball into the hole.
Firm the soil around the aloe plant to hold it upright. Pour water in the top of the plant pot and let it run out the bottom. Place the aloe in a bright location.