While there are many choices when it comes to flowers that bloom throughout the summer, there are not as many early spring flowers. Theses first blooms of spring are prized as a bright hope at the end of winter. Actual blooming time changes with different temperature zones. When planning your landscaping or adding to it, don't ignore early spring bloomers.
Crocuses grow from corms, which are similar to bulbs. They are one of the first spring blooms seen in the yard, with colors ranging in gold, blue, white and purple. They grow between 4 and 6 inches tall, working well in the front part of flower beds. They also are attractive in rock gardens and woodland-type gardens. It is considered a hardy plant and blooms for many years as long as temperatures don't dip below 14 degrees F. Plant crocus in the fall, as they need a chilling period during the winter months to bloom in the spring. Place the corms 4 inches apart and 5 inches deep into the ground. The sun-loving crocus is considered a drought-resistant plant, but must have water during its growing season.
Bleeding heart is a flowering perennial. This means that it enters a dormant stage, returning with growth in warmer seasons. Bleeding heart begins its growing season in early spring, going dormant by mid-summer. This plant does well in partial shade. Blooms are visible in pink, red and white. It prefers a well-drained soil. If you have a natural clay-based soil, work compost into the area before planting. Bleeding heart grows to a height between 24 and 36 inches. Plant them 1½ to 2 feet apart.
The Lenten rose, also known as hellebore, is an early spring perennial. This plant prefers a rich, well-drained, moist soil during its growing season, but is drought resistant when dormant. It does best in full to partial shade. The Lenten rose's mature height reaches up to 18 inches, blooming up to three months in shades of pink, purple and white. The delicate drop-cup-shape flowers are second to the evergreen leaves, which offer your landscaping rich color through the winter. Space these plants 18 to 20 inches apart. An additional benefit for rural areas is that the Lenten rose is deer resistant.