Kinds of Fig Trees

A member of the Ficus genus, the common fig (Ficus carica) is an ancient-looking tree with deeply lobed, rough, dark green leaves. Common fig trees produce an abundant harvest and they do so twice a year-once in summer and again in fall. These trees are tropical, though many are hardy to 0 degrees F. In colder climates, figs may be more shrub-like. Fig trees, which can grow to 30 feet and have an open, spreading habit, thrive in full sun with regular water.

Brown Turkey Fig

The 'Brown Turkey' cultivar is also known as the 'San Pedro' or 'Black Spanish' fig and produces a fruit with smooth, purple-brown skin and yellow-pink flesh. Considered a good eating fig, the 'Brown Turkey' is found throughout the South, but is adaptable to colder climates. Originally from the Provence region of France, this fig tree may be pruned heavily to force a big fall crop.

Conadria

The 'Conadria' cultivar produces fruit that is shaped like a fig, but does not resemble other cultivars in color, as the thin skin is white with a hint of violet. The flesh is white to red and has a sweet, low acid flavor. A good eating fig, the 'Conadria' is more tolerant of heat than other fig cultivars and may be planted successfully in U.S. Department of Agriculture Plant Hardiness Zones 10 and 11, without concern of skin splitting. Developed in Riverside, California, the 'Conadria' is a hybrid

Kadota

The 'Kadota' cultivar is a key commercial fig that bears fruit best used in canning or baking, rather than eating. Fruit has tough, yellow skin and the flesh is amber to yellow. This tree is a vigorous grower that needs little attention and more heat that most figs, though it thrives in dry rather than humid climates. To get bigger figs from this tree, it may be heavily pruned, which will make for a smaller harvest of large fruit.

Mission

The 'Mission' or 'Black Mission' cultivar is prevalent throughout California, but also grows well in the warmer parts of the Southeast. This fig tree is a heavy producer and bears fruit with purple-black skin and rose or pink flesh. Considered a good eating fruit, this fig may also be dried.

Keywords: fig varieties, kinds of figs, ficus, tropical fruit tree

About this Author

J.D. Chi is a professional journalist who has covered sports for more than 20 years at newspapers all over the United States. She has covered major golf tournaments and the NFL as well as travel and health topics. Chi received her Bachelor of Arts in professional writing from Carnegie Mellon University and is working toward a master's degree in journalism.