How to Plant Date Seeds

Overview

There are several factors to consider before planting a date seed in your back yard. Dates grow on large palms that may reach 100 feet in height or more with canopies that span 40 feet. And date palms do not self-fertilize so you must have a yard large enough to contain two of these beauties if you want the female to bear fruit. If the female is successfully fertilized, you will have to wait between six and 16 years for it to bear its first crop of dates.

Step 1

Fill a container with room temperature water and submerge the seed in it. Allow it to soak for 7 days. Change the water daily.

Step 2

Fill a 6-inch clay pot with a mixture of 1 part perlite and 1 part peat moss to within 1/2 inch of its lip.

Step 3

Plant the date seed vertically in the soil at a depth that is equal to its diameter.

Step 4

Water the soil until you see water dripping out of the drainage holes in the bottom of the pot. Keep the soil moist until a week or so after the date seed germinates. Never let the soil dry out, but do not soak it. There should never be standing water on the surface of the soil.

Step 5

Cover the top of the pot with clear plastic wrap to help the soil retain moisture and heat.

Step 6

Place the pot in a greenhouse or near a sunny window (the pot may be placed out of doors if the weather is warm enough) where it will receive full sun and the temperature remains between 70 and 100 degrees Fahrenheit at all times. The seed should germinate within three weeks.

Tips and Warnings

  • There is no way to tell whether a seed is male or female until roughly 10 years after it is planted, when it bears fruit. Date palms are heterozygous and are unlikely to retain the characteristics of their parent plants or fruit.

Things You'll Need

  • Clay pot
  • Perlite
  • Peat moss
  • Watering can
  • Plastic wrap
  • Container

References

  • Purdue University: Date
  • ood and Agriculture Organization of the United States: Date Palm Propagation
  • World Agroforestry Centre: Phoenix dactylifera
  • Plant of the Week: Phoenix dactylifera
  • University of Florida: Palm Seed Germination
Keywords: plant date, date seeds, grow date, date palm

About this Author

Emma Gin is a freelance writer who specializes in green, healthy and smart living. She is currently working on developing a weight-loss website that focuses on community and re-education. Gin is also working on a collection of short stories, because she knows what they say about idle hands.