Pole beans are climbing vines that reach heights of 6 to 10 feet tall, depending on the variety. Green beans, lima beans and scarlet runner beans are a few climbing varieties to choose from. Plant the beans at the base of a lattice trellis in the spring when the soil temperature is consistently above 70 degrees Fahrenheit. The beans will germinate in seven to 10 days and begin climbing the trellis. According to Cornell University, beans require well-draining soil and a pH of 6.0 to 6.8.
Turn over the soil at the base of the trellis and add one part rich, well-rotted compost and three parts soil. Dig in the compost until it is evenly mixed with the soil to a depth of 4 inches.
Make holes 1 inch deep and 6 inches apart at the base of your trellis. Place one bean seed in each hole and cover it with soil.
Water your bean seeds immediately after planting until the soil is damp to a depth of 1 to 2 inches, then water every other day for a total weekly water application of 1 inch per bean seed.
Remove any weeds by hand. Beans are shallow-rooted plants, using a hoe or other tool could damage the root systems.
Harvest the beans as they come ripe on the vine. Snap the beans from the plant when the pods are sleek and full-looking.