Bamboo plants are generally hardy and can survive in extreme conditions. They are easy to maintain and usually require work to slow down proliferation rather than increase growth. Bamboo plants tend to go through natural cycles and often drop leaves before regrowth in the spring. If your bamboo plant is under stress, the first signs usually show up in the color and texture of the leaves. Save your bamboo plant by re-creating the ideal growing conditions.
Prune off flowering stalks at the base of the plant and any dead or dying leaves, using pruning shears. Dead culms, or stems, should be chopped off at soil level and disposed of away from the growing site.
Water your plant if the tips of leaves are curling inward. Yellow or frequent dropping of leaves may indicate overwatering.
Water your plant liberally with filtered or distilled water. Hard water from taps contains minerals that can clog roots and prevent water absorption. Continue to water your bamboo deeply two to three times each week or, if you live in a particularly hot or windy environment, water every other day until your plant recovers.
Apply an organic fertilizer high in nitrogen. Half-rotted cow or horse manure works well.
Spread a 2- to 3-inch inch layer of mulch to protect the roots of your plants and retain soil moisture. This is particularly important during the winter as bamboo can be severely damaged by frost.