Aloe plants are native to Africa, according to the University of Michigan, and they grow in subtropical to tropical climates. The aloe plant is a succulent, which means it has thick, fleshy leaves that store moisture in case of a drought. Aloe is used around the world for its medicinal properties, such as burn treatment.
Aloe vera is not picky about what kind of soil it grows in, as long as the soil is well drained. Plant aloe vera in potting soil, in a pot large enough so the plant can grow comfortably. Replant the aloe as it outgrows its container, which will happen every few years.
Light and Temperature
Aloe is similar to the cactus in that both need plenty of light. Place the aloe plant near a window when it's growing indoors. During the summer, you can move the aloe outside to grow in full sun. Bring aloe indoors if the temperature outside drops below 65° Fahrenheit.
As a succulent, aloe doesn't need much water. Water the aloe deeply once every two to three weeks indoors, and outdoors if there has been no rain. Allow the soil to dry out completely between watering. Over-watering aloe will kill it more quickly than under-watering it.