How to Harvest Basil Plants

Overview

Basil, known botanically as Ocimum basilicum, is a species of fast-growing, warm season herb that is most commonly propagated by seed. According to Purdue University, when basil plants are harvested depends entirely on their intended use, be it for drying, for oil pressing or for uses as a fresh, live herb. For home cultivation, the tender leaves and stems can be pinched or plucked with your fingers or cut with small scissors or secateurs. Depending on your climate, you can get between one and five harvests of basil each year, with warmer climes allowing the greatest number of repeat harvest cycles.

Step 1

Harvest basil leaves intended for use as a dried herb just before the plant produces its pale lavender or white blooms in the summer and/or fall.

Step 2

Pick basil plants intended for pressing for their essential oil when the plants are in full flower in summer and fall, or at other times of the year when grown indoors.

Step 3

Pick leaves for fresh eating anytime after two to four pairs of leaves have established themselves on the plant in the late spring or early summer, carrying through to frost. The leaves can be removed individually, a sprig can be cut from a branch, an entire branch can be harvested from the main stem or the plant can be lopped off entirely, leaving the plant to regenerate itself.

Things You'll Need

  • Basil plants, at least four to six weeks old
  • Small scissors

References

  • Purdue University: Basil
Keywords: harvesting basil herbs, picking basil plants, harvesting basil transplants

About this Author

An omni-curious communications professional, Dena Kane has more than 17 years of experience writing and editing content for online publications, corporate communications, business clients, industry journals, as well as film and broadcast media. Kane studied political science at the University of California, San Diego.