Bermuda grass is a turf grass commonly used in sports fields, lawns and public areas where there is lots of traffic. This grass does not require a great amount of light, and is highly adaptable to a variety of environmental conditions. But Bermuda grass does have a few pest and disease problems that require attention to ensure proper growth.
Bermuda grass is susceptible to serious pest infestations, according to the Texas Cooperative Extension. Armyworms, cutworms, sod webworms, bermuda grass mites and Rhodegrass scale are the most common pests. Bermuda grass mites and Rhodegrass scale suck the juices from the stems of the grass, while other insects eat the blades. White grubs chew at the grass roots. Insect infestation is best treated with pesticides.
Weeds will pop up when the turf is weakened by improper cultural management, says the University of Florida Extension. Proper mowing technique, such as cutting only a one-third of the blade per cut is recommended. A regular fertilization schedule of 1 to 1.5 lbs. of nitrogen per 1,000 square feet per month is required to keep bermuda grass lush.
Common diseases of Bermuda grass include dollar spot, brown patch, and Helminthosporium. Sound cultural practices help to prevent these diseases. Fungal disease such as brown patch attacks only when the grass is weakened due to drought stress or under fertilization. Brown patch spores are in the soil at all times. Keeping a sound maintenance schedule will prevent most diseases from affecting Bermuda grass.