A home's interior can benefit from plant cultivation just as much as landscaped outdoor areas. Hundreds of plant varieties are available, particularly of tropical species that need constant warmth to thrive. Choose varieties that are different in shape then what's usually planted outdoors. Pick a container that will easily accommodate the plant as it matures and be sure to choose varieties suitable to the space where they will be placed.
The ficus, also called weeping fig, is often placed in homes with high ceilings and roomy interiors. Keep the soil minimally moist and place this tree in a spot that receives bright, indirect light. Live ficus can gather dust, so wipe the leaves frequently with a wet cloth. Avoid moving these plants, particularly to spots that are cool and dry. Potted ficus grown indoors have a tendency to drop their leaves if disturbed or get too chilly.
This succulent plant grows outside in warm, dry climates, but does well indoors too. It is also called a silver dollar plant for its wide, flat, smooth green leaves. Provide a jade plant with four or more hours of direct sunlight, or place it in a spot that receives indirect, but bright light. It adapts to a wide variety of temperatures, but does best with moderate warmth. Allow the soil to nearly dry before watering.
String of Pearls
String of pearls (Senecio rowleyanus) is a succulent. It has small, spherical leaves that are comparable to the size of pearls, although they most resemble strings of green peas. When cultivated in a pot, the plant drapes over the edge. Mix one part potting soil with one part sand to mimic natural growing conditions and use a container with drainage holes. Keep the humidity low, and place it in a southern window that offers bright, direct sunlight. Water the plant more during the summer than in the winter, when lower light levels slow growth. Wait until the soil is dry before watering. In the summer, place it in a semi-shaded, protected area outdoors and then gradually move it to a location that receives full sun.
Meyer Lemon Tree
Not all citrus has to be grown in orchards in warm climates. The Meyer lemon tree is a small species suitable for indoor cultivation. Use a peat moss-based growing mix and plant the tree in a 10- to 15-gallon container. Keep the temperature around 70 degrees F. Choose a spot with a southern exposure. Keep the soil evenly moist and mist the foliage daily, especially in interiors that have low humidity. Use a paint brush or cotton swab on the flowers to pollinate them for fruit development. Allow the tree to become root bound to control its size. These dwarf trees will grow between 8 and 10 feet. Harvest the fruit when it turns yellow.