Grow fruit bushes and reap the benefits of these low-maintenance plants. Fruit bushes need little special care and produce well even in less than ideal conditions such as imperfect weather and partially shaded areas. Choose from among fruit bushes such as raspberries, blueberries, blackberries, currants and gooseberries. Plant fruit bushes in early spring for the best results.
Purchase healthy fruit bush plants from a reputable nursery or garden center. Avoid buying plants with yellow or brown leaves.
Choose an area that receives six to eight hours of sunlight a day for planting the fruit bushes. Make the area large enough to accommodate the fruit bushes; refer to the spacing requirements on the tags included with the bushes.
Till the garden area with a rake or rototiller. Dig the tines into the soil working to a depth of 8 inches. Work in rows until the garden area is completely tilled.
Shovel a 1-inch layer of compost on top of the soil in the garden area. Re-till the area to incorporate the compost. Work again in rows until completely re-tilled.
Dig holes, spaced according to plant tags, with a shovel. Dig holes deep enough to accommodate the root of the plant and cover its base.
Place fruit bush plants in each pre-dug hole. Pack soil firmly on top of the roots and around the base of the plant.
Water the soil around each plant until moist, but not soggy. Water daily, unless soil appears moist.
Fertilize once or twice a year. Purchase a fertilizer formulated for fruit bushes from a nursery or garden center. Follow the directions provided with the fertilizer to determine how much fertilizer to use and how often to use it.
Prune fruit bush canes down to the ground every winter. Use a pair of clean, sharp garden shears to cut off all canes, except the main shoot. Pruning requirements vary by fruit type; follow the specific pruning instructions included with the plant.