Types of Turf Grass

Nothing increases the curb appeal of a home like a healthy, manicured lawn. Homeowners nationwide strive to find the best type of turf grass for their region and conditions, and to grow it to optimum beauty. Lawn care is a major investment of both time and money, so choosing the best type of turf grass for your home is important.

Kentucky Bluegrass

Kentucky Bluegrass is the most popular cool-season turf grass in the United States. Its blue-green color and wear tolerance make it an attractive, long-lasting turf. This type of grass is a common choice in the Midwest and cooler climates but is poorly adapted to the Deep South. Kentucky Bluegrass can withstand extremes of temperature and precipitation but needs well-drained soil and full sun. During times of drought, it may lose the richness of its color. In shaded areas, experts recommend seeding a mixture of Kentucky Bluegrass and fine fescue for better coverage.

Bermuda Grass

Bermuda is loved for its tolerance of drought and wear. This turf establishes quickly and recovers from damage with the same speed. The one drawback to the rapid growth rate is Bermuda grass requires mowing and edging more often than some turf grasses. Bermuda grass is not shade tolerant and requires good soil fertility. It is a warm-season grass and is well-suited to the hot summers of the South.

Perennial Ryegrass

Another popular selection for cooler climates is perennial ryegrass. Its fine texture and deep color make for a beautiful lawn. While not quite as disease-resistant and cold-tolerant as Kentucky Bluegrass, it is more drought-tolerant. Perennial ryegrass is rarely seeded alone but is usually combined in seed mixtures with other cool season grasses like Kentucky Bluegrass.

Zoysia Grass

Zoysia is perhaps the most adaptable of the warm-season grasses. Native to Asia, this fine-textured grass forms a dense turf with a lush, luxurious appearance. Zoysia can tolerate moderate shade and offers superb resistance to wear. On the downside, Zoysia is slower to establish and must be planted in sprigs or full sod. Additionally, its density may lead to excessive thatch and require regular aeration.

Keywords: popular turf grasses, turf grass, turf grass types

About this Author

Dana Hall McCain is a freelance writer based in Dothan, Ala., and is a a regular contributor to numerous regional publications. She writes features and columns on a variety of topics, including the outdoors, faith and health/wellness. She received a Bachelor of Arts from Auburn University in public relations/communication in 1995.