The persimmon is a deciduous fruit tree in the family Ebenaceae. Out of 200 kinds of persimmon trees, the most commonly found in cultivation are the American persimmon (D. virginiana) and the Oriental persimmon (D. Kaki ). American persimmon trees grow 30 to 40 feet tall; Oriental persimmons grow 20 to 30 feet tall. Plant persimmon trees in full sun and loose, well-draining, loamy soil with a pH range of 5.8 to 6.5.
Remove the seeds from a ripe persimmon fruit. Wash the seeds to clean them of any fruit residue. Spread the seeds out on a screen to dry for two days.
Spread a 1-inch-thick layer of damp peat moss in a large ziplock bag. Place the seeds onto the peat moss and cover with a second 1-inch layer of damp peat moss.
Place the seeds in an area where the temperature is between 33 and 40 degrees F for two to three months. According to the USDA Forest Service, this chilling, or stratification, period is important for seed germination.
Remove the seeds from the peat moss after the stratification period is over. Soak the seeds in cool water for three days before planting.
Fill a 4-inch planting pot with a mixture of equal parts well-rotted compost and potting soil. Make sure the pot has several drainage holes in the bottom.
Make a shallow (1/2 to 1 inch) hole in the center of the pot. Place the seed into the pot and cover with soil. Pat down the soil, and add water until it drains from the drainage holes in the bottom. Place the seedling in a sunny area where the temperatures are above freezing.
Transplant your persimmon seedling into the ground when it is 3 inches tall. Dig a hole that is slightly larger than the rootball, wiggle the seedling from the planting pot and place it in the hole. The base of the stem should be level with the surrounding soil. Plant persimmon seedlings in the late spring or early summer.
Water every seven to 10 days. Use a soaker setting and water until the soil is damp to a depth of at least 12 inches.
Fertilize using a balanced 10-10-10 fertilizer in early spring and late summer. The University of Georgia Extension Service suggests an application of 2 oz. of fertilizer for every year the tree has been growing.