Roses enhance landscapes with their fragrant, delicate blossoms, while small trees add a sense of height and endurance to a yard. A rose tree, also known as a standard rose, combines the characteristics of both these types of landscape plants. The rose tree produces masses of colorful blossoms on the tops of tall canes. Grafting techniques create the unique appearance of this delightful plant. With proper care, your rose tree will flourish and thrive in your landscape.
Protect your tree rose from harsh weather and strong winds. This top-heavy plant can break apart in windy conditions. Grow your rose tree near other taller plants or structures that help block the wind and intense sunlight. Although your rose tree full sun to partial shade, intense sunlight can cause sunscald along the bare cane.
Water your rose tree regularly to keep the soil evenly moist. Keep the soil near your rose's roots slightly moist by watering deeply whenever the top 2 or 3 inches of soil show signs of dryness. Do not overwater or allow your rose plant to grow in a location that retains water from rains or snowmelt.
Feed your rose tree with a rose plant fertilizer. Like many types of blossoming plants, rose trees benefit from regular feedings. Apply a slow-release plant food in the spring when leaf buds begin to appear on your plant. A second application when flowers buds form can help increase the quality of the blossoms, while another application during the height of the bloom can provide valuable nutrients.
Trim off faded blossoms to keep your rose tree looking attractive. Snip the blossoms with a pair of sharp pruning shears as soon as they begin to droop and fade. Prune off any broken or damaged portions of your rose tree. Shape the remainder of your tree by removing overgrown outer branches. Avoid trimming the center section of your rose tree.
Winterize your tree rose with a generous application of mulch before the hard frosts of winter arrive. Wait until your rose stops blossoming and loses its leaves. This indicates the beginning of its dormant stage. Pile clean straw high around the base of the cane, extending the pile of straw all the way to the area where branches begin to spread outwards. Make your pile between 2 and 3 feet wide at the base to provide plenty of insulation. Wrap a thick layer of burlap around the pile of can and tie with a string to hold in place. Protecting the graft union from freezing temperatures will help your rose tree survive the cold, winter months.