The Weigela plant (Weigela florida variegata) is from China. Weigela is an old-time perennial shrub prized for its bell-shaped, 1-inch long blooms in a wide range of colors including pink, purple, red, yellow, peach and white. Blooming from late spring through summer, this shrub can grow up to 8 feet and is hardy to Zone 4. It is a relative to the honeysuckle plant. Weigela attracts hummingbirds and butterflies, while being virtually pest-free. Novice and more experienced gardeners alike will find Weigela an easy-to-care-for plant that will grow for years to come.
Grow your Weigela plant in an area of your garden that receives full sun, with some afternoon shade being tolerated. The soil should be well-draining to avoid root rot. This can be achieved by working in a bucketful of compost to the soil before planting.
Water consistently, one to two times per week, to ensure the soil stays moist, but is never soggy. In warmer climates, increase the amount of water during the summer months. Water your plant deeply using a drip irrigation system or a soaker hose.
Fertilize in early spring with a higher ratio of phosphorus such as, 10-15-10, to encourage more abundant blooms. Phosphorus is the middle number on the fertilizer bag and is important for the production of flowers on a plant. Too much nitrogen, the first number, encourages more foliage and fewer blooms.
Apply a 2- to 3-inch layer of mulch around the plant to control weeds which compete for water and nutrients form the soil and also to retain moisture in the soil. The mulch products can include chopped leaves, shredded bark or wood chips. Replace the mulch every spring as needed.
Shape your plant periodically during the active growing season, late spring through summer, to keep it shaped and encourage more blooms. Simply cut or pinch off about 1/2 inch of the tips all around the shrub about once a month. There is no need to do this during the fall and winter.