Uses for Sphagnum Moss

According to the University of Texas A&M, sphagnum moss is dehydrated acid-bog plant remains from the genus sphagnum. Sphagnum moss is a light weight material, providing drainage and aeration to plants. It is found in light brown, compressed bales in most floral shops.

Plant Propagation

Sphagnum moss is used when propagating plants using the air layering method. Layering, according to the University of Missouri, is a method of rooting a plant for propagation while it is still attached to the parent plant. Sphagnum moss is soaked in water and wrapped over the wounded area of the plant after cutting, preventing infection and disease.

Wire Baskets

Sphagnum moss is used in the planting of hanging wire baskets. Sphagnum moss is soaked in water overnight, then after wringing out, is spread out at the bottom of the basket. The 1- to 4-inch layer of moss is covered in soil. Sphagnum moss retains moisture in the soil, and catches water runoff.

Soil Amendment

Sphagnum moss has the ability to absorb more than 10 to 20 times its weight in water, says the University of Texas A & M. This makes it a valuable soil amendment in sandy soils that do not hold a great deal of water. Sphagnum moss is also used in clay soil to amend soil drainage, while still holding water for plant growth.

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About this Author

Cleveland Van Cecil is a freelancer writer specializing in technology. He has been a freelance writer for three years and has published extensively on eHow.com, writing articles on subjects as diverse as boat motors and hydroponic gardening. Van Cecil has a Bachelor of Arts in liberal arts from Baldwin-Wallace College.