Bamboo is a fast-growing grass that is sturdier as a hardwood floor than as a plant. The bamboo plant spreads by either clumping and sprouting off new shoots or by runners that go underground and sprout in another location. Planting bamboo is not difficult, but you need to take care to keep them upright until they are established. Plant the bamboo so it has plenty of time to establish before cold winter weather. If you live in a warmer climate, you can plant the bamboo at any time of the year.
Choose a site with around a six hours of sun with shade at some point in the day.
Plant bamboo trees between 3 and 5 feet apart to allow for growth and spread. Make sure soil is airy and somewhat acidic. Soil that has been in areas where there are decaying leaves are generally more acidic. Mix potting soil into the earth in the planting area if it is too dense.
Dig a hole deep enough to cover all roots and maintain the balance of the tree. Pack earth down to secure.
Add mulch or leaves in the area around the bamboo plants. This will give the soil the constant nutrients it needs and help keep the soil moist.
Stake the bamboo with twine and wooden stakes to keep it from falling while it establishes its roots. Tie the twine about midway up the bamboo tree.
Water at least twice a week after you've planted it. Water more during hot weather. For a 5 gallon or smaller pot size, give 1/2 gallon of water. For larger bamboo trees, give 1 gallon of water.