Beans are a healthy source of folic acid and vitamin C but low in calories. The bean plants grow quickly and will produce edible pods within two months of planting. Of course, there are hundreds of varieties of beans, but the bush snap bean is by far the most popular bean grown in home gardens, says Craig Anderson of the University of Arkansas. There are a few key factors in knowing the best way to grow a bean plant.
Prepare the soil for the beans. Remove any weeds in the area. Make sure the soil is well-draining and has 50 to 70 percent of organic matter worked into it. Mound the soil into a ridge about 6 inches high that goes the length of the row to ensure good drainage.
Plant the beans in temperatues of 65 to 86 degrees F to avoid the risk of rotting the bean seed before it has a chance to germinate. Poke dry beans into the top of the ridge about 1 inch deep and 2 or 3 inches apart. Push the dirt back over beans. Plant a new row every 10 days to have an extended harvest.
Water the beans just after planting to ensure the soil stays slightly damp until the first leaves appears. Cease watering thereafter unless wilt occurs.
Mulch the bean plants with grass clippings or hay to conserve moisture over the shallow roots, keep the base of the plants dry and protect against weeds. Cultivating the soil around the root system is not advised.
Pick the beans daily to keep the plant in blossom and producing new plants. Pick after the morning dew has had time to dry and never after a rain storm.