Plants are essential components of any home landscape. Depend on their various forms to create visual appeal and consider their various functions when designing an outdoor space. For diversity, use native plants that are already adapted to your particular region and are therefore easier to grow, and incorporate more exotic types that require specialized care. Grow fragrant flowers and enhance structures such as patios and walls with plants.
The voodoo lily is a dark-purple perennial that grows up to 6 feet tall and is hardy in USDA zones 9 to 11. The blooming flowers smell foul, but are eye-catching. Grow it in an area that receives partial or full shade. Keep the soil moderately moist. This plant is moderately tolerant of drought and will grow in most soils.
Impatiens are grown as annuals in most parts of the United States, but are hardy to USDA zones 8 to 11. They are low-growing flowers that reach up to 1 foot tall and thrive in shady spots. The flat blooms, which attract butterflies, come in hues ranging from deep red to bright white. Plant impatiens in moist, well-drained soil and keep them watered; they are not drought tolerant.
The University of Missouri Extension suggests growing wisteria to provide shade in smaller landscapes that don't offer enough space to grow trees. Wisteria features clusters of large, fragrant flowers that bloom in the spring and come in a variety of colors, from lilac blue to white. Train this vigorous twining vine to grow onto a trellis or arbor, and plant in a site with well-draining soil that receives full sun. Provide new plants with 1 inch of water each week. Prune these vines so they do not encroach upon other nearby plants and structures.
Irises are hardy in USDA zones 3 to 10. Certain varieties, such as the Siberian iris, can approach 4 feet tall. Irises bloom in colors from dusty rose to deep purple. Grow them in well-drained soil and along borders or in perennial gardens that receive full or partial sunlight. They also thrive in raised beds, which help aid drainage. Divide flower clumps every two or three years to avoid overcrowding issues.