Increasing the yield of your garden's vegetables and fruits is possible with regular maintenance of your soil and crops. Gardeners look forward to a more fruitful yield from their efforts during the growing season. Enriching the soil with organic matter that infuses it with nutrients and water-retaining properties, pruning fruit trees in the fall and early spring, picking vegetables and fruit as soon as they mature and planting in succession throughout the growing season are just some of the ways to grow more vegetables and fruits.
Growing More Vegetables and Fruits
Test your soil's composition. Mix in compost, lime, bone meal, peat moss, humus, fertilizer, topsoil and any other soil enhancement. Mix in the recommended additives and amounts for your garden soil. Till the soil or mix it with a pitchfork and a shovel until all of the enhancements are blended well into the soil. Water the soil until it looks moistened to release the nutrients and minerals into the soil.
Cut back excess branches on your fruit trees in the fall or later winter, just before the spring season when the buds start to form on the branches. Cut the newer branches at their bases on the main branch. Use sharp pruners and cut each branch with a clean crosscut. Prune any dead or diseased branches. These tend to suck sap and can cause harm to the rest of the fruit tree, either through spreading an infection or from harmful insects making homes in dead or diseased parts. Pruning your trees concentrates the tree sap and nutrients to the few branches for fruit production. Even if fruit forms on many branches, it tends to be very small or ends up falling from the tree before ripening.
Plant vegetables together that form a symbiotic relationship. Perhaps one provides shade for the other or wards off pests. Others enrich the soil or take nutrients from the soil that the other vegetable doesn't need. Companion vegetable gardening produces more crop yield as the vegetables grow without competing for nutrition. Plant radishes, cucumbers, melons, squashes, corn, carrots, lettuce, eggplant and peas together in your garden. Plant spinach with celery and eggplant. Plant tomatoes with mint, borage, basil, strawberries, beans, cabbage and marigolds.
Pick vegetables and fruit as they near ripening. Prompt picking promotes more growth in vegetables in active stages of growing and producing, as in melons, tomatoes and beans. Picking crops prevents them from spoiling. If left too long, the leafy green vegetables, such as lettuce, may taste bitter. Picking vegetables keeps animals from consuming them.
Plant your first set of vegetables in early spring. Plant early vegetables, which mature within two months, and late vegetables. Harvest the early vegetables and then plant another set. Start the second set of vegetables in pots just before the first set matures. Transplant them after harvesting the first set. Easy successive crops include radishes, lettuce and spinach.