The Acai berry tree is a tropical fruit tree native to Central and South America. This vigorously growing palm tree can reach mature heights of 60 feet. Acai fruit trees produce rich green foliage with brownish-purple flowers. The blooms are followed by elongated strips of bluish-purple fruit that grow in bunches with up to 700 pieces per bunch. The acai palm is widely known for its fruit and heart of palm, which are both rich in antioxidants and cancer-fighting agents. The acai plant is easily grown and requires very little maintenance or care for success. However, the plant is intolerant to cold and is hardy only to 50 degrees Fahrenheit.
Select a warm, well-drained planting location for your Acai plant. Choose a location that receives at least eight hours of partial shade to low sunlight. Make sure that the location is spacious enough for the mature tree.
Prepare the planting bed for your acai tree. Dig up the area with a shovel and loosen any compacted soil. Remove any weeds or vegetation from the area. Ensure that the roots of the weeds are also removed to prevent its regrowth.
Gently spread out the roots of your acai. Dig a hole in the planting area that is as wide and deep as the root system of the plant. Position your tree in the center of the hole and back fill the hole halfway. Irrigate the hole to remove any potential air pockets. Repeat the process to complete the planting. Press the soil firmly around the trunk of the tree to secure its position.
Irrigate your acai plant regularly. Water the plant to maintain a moist, but not saturated, environment. Irrigate this water-loving tree deeply so that the water reaches root system about eight feet below the surface. Irrigate the tree about once a week. Adjust the irrigation schedule for periods of drought and rainfall.
Feed your acai tree once each growing season, in late fall. Select organic fertilizers over chemical fertilizers, as recommended by Gardening Tips and Ideas. Use a well-balanced, slow-release fertilizer such as a 10-10-10 or 8-8-8 combination if selecting a chemical combination.