How to Grow Vegetables Indoors


Every gardening project does not have to be outside in a garden bed. Some people grow their vegetables indoors and expose their crops to the natural sunlight coming in from a window or from artificial grow lights that stimulate the vegetables to grow and produce. Indoor vegetable gardening is popular in apartments and condos, school classrooms, science labs and kitchen windows. Enrich your potting soil, keep it moist and position your indoor vegetables near a good light source to mimic the environmental conditions of the outdoors.

Step 1

Set up your pots. Arrange them on a sturdy table, windowsill or the floor. Position the pots next to a south- or east-facing window, in front of a bay window or beneath a skylight to maximize the vegetables' sun exposure.

Step 2

Set up the plant grow lights. Position them over the plants above the expected height that the vegetables will reach at maturity. Use grow lights as the primary source of light, if necessary, or as a supplement when the days are cloudy and the vegetables are unable to get adequate natural sunlight. Ideally, balance the lighting between natural sunlight and the grow lights. Turn the grow lights on daily for at least one to two hours.

Step 3

Fill your indoor gardening pots with soil. Mix in compost and natural fertilizer to the soil batch with a hand shovel before scooping it into the pots. Use a ratio of one part additive to 10 or 20 parts soil, or follow the specific instructions on the product labels. Select pots with draining holes and place these pots on trays to catch excess water that will drain out of the pots after watering. Use pots that are deep enough for to accommodate mature plants.

Step 4

Plant the seeds. Some seed companies recommend soaking the seeds overnight to jump start their sprouting stage. Soak the seeds overnight or plant them directly into the soil, as recommended on the seed packet. Insert the seeds into the soil to their recommended depths and cover. Water the soil with a gentle stream of water, just enough for the soil to feel moist when touched.

Step 5

Water your indoor vegetables regularly--check the soil's moisture levels everyday and water every other day or so. Mist the plants with a spray bottle filled with water every morning and evening. Harvest the first crops once they mature.

Things You'll Need

  • Pots
  • Grow lights
  • Potting soil
  • Compost
  • Natural fertilizer
  • Hand gardening tools


  • University of Arizona: Container Garden

Who Can Help

  • Colorado State University Cooperative Extension: Grow Your Own Tomatoes Indoors This Winter
Keywords: indoor gardening, gorwing vegetables indoors, indoor vegetable pots

About this Author

Naima Manal's articles on health, diet, nutrition, alternative medicine, education, parenting, crafts, travel, home and garden and home improvement have appeared on eHow, Garden Guides, Trails, ConnectED, Helium and others. Manal received her B.S. degree in biology/pre-medical studies from Molloy College in 1994 and has been a freelance writer, teacher and homeschooling mom since 1993.