Instructions for Four Row Planting


The four row gardening method is an aid to use a smaller amount of garden space for a larger crop yield. The planning stage is as important as the planting process when incorporating the four row system. Cross pollination is more easily accomplished when plants are planted in a series of four or more rows, especially when growing corn. Multiple row planting also provides extra support for seedlings with tendrils such as leafless peas or tall flower or vegetable plants. Plan ahead and prepare the soil when planting seedlings or seeds in four row blocks.

Step 1

Make a diagram of the garden space on a piece of paper with pencil. Determine the length of the rows for each type of plant. This will help calculate the amount of seed to buy per row.

Step 2

Cut a length of cording at 10 to 20 feet, and tie each end to a stick. Mark 5-foot increments on the cording using a measuring tape and a permanent marker. Roll the cording length on to one of the sticks.

Step 3

Insert one stick into the soil at the beginning of the first row. Unwind the cording to the length in the garden diagram plan. Insert the second stick into the soil to mark a straight row.

Step 4

Hoe the row from one marker to the other. Pull the sticks from the soil. Repeat the process with the remaining three rows. Determine the space between rows as instructed in the planting directions for the type of plants or seeds. For instance, plant beans in rows that are 18 to 24 inches apart.

Step 5

Add compost or fertilizer to the soil in the prepared rows according to individual seedling or seed planting directions. Cover the seeds with soil.

Things You'll Need

  • Twine
  • Sticks
  • Measuring tape
  • Permanent marker
  • Hoe
  • Fertilizer or compost
  • Seedlings or seeds


  • Iowa State University: Planting a Home Vegetable Garden
  • Ed Hume Seeds: Gardening in Limited Space
  • Wicked Good Gardens: Wide Row Planting
  • Hopkins Technology: Growing Vegetables

Who Can Help

  • University of Arkansas: Gardening in Small Spaces
  • Virginia Cooperative Extension
Keywords: four row planting, planting in rows, vegetable garden rows

About this Author

Suzie Faloon is a freelance writer who has written online content for Demand Studios and Associated Content. As a professional crafter and floral designer, Faloon owned a florist business for nearly 25 years. She completed the Institute of Children's Literature course in 1988.