How to Grow Vegetables Inside an Apartment


Growing vegetables yourself gives you the freshest produce around. Vegetable gardening is rewarding and can save you lots of money. Growing vegetables does not require you to own a plot of land or even a house. You can grow vegetables inside an apartment in containers. This is known as container gardening, and is often used to grow vegetables indoors.

Step 1

Place your vegetables in an area of the apartment that provides at least six hours (or more) of full sun. Vegetables that produce fruits (peppers, tomatoes) require this much sunlight at minimum. Other leafy vegetables, such as carrots, onions and lettuces, will survive in partial sunny areas.

Step 2

Match containers with the vegetable requirements. Containers, boxes or pots should have at least 9-inch depths for leafy and shallow-rooted vegetables (beets, onions, spinach, lettuces and herbs). Use containers with at least 16-inch depths (or more) for deep-rooting vegetables (squash, tomatoes, beans and cucumbers). Cover the container drainage holes with screen to keep the soil inside.

Step 3

Place the containers in the selected growing location inside your apartment before filling, so you will not have to move them later. Use a high-quality soil mix or a soilless mix for the growing medium, It is also recommended to add a slow-release fertilizer into the soil mixture before planting your vegetables.

Step 4

Sow the vegetable seeds, or plant the vegetable transplants in the containers as directed on the seed packets or transplant markers. Follow the spacing and depth requirements given for each vegetable. Water the newly planted vegetables, until water comes out the drainage holes.

Step 5

Water the vegetables when soil dry, checking the soil daily to a depth of 1 inch. The amount of water needed will vary for vegetables, containers and temperatures of the surroundings. Some vegetables could require frequent watering during the growing season, while others may not.

Step 6

Apply a water-soluble fertilizer in the middle of the growing season when vegetables show signs of producing. Follow the directions on the labeling and repeat twice a month, or use time-released formulas for longer periods.

Tips and Warnings

  • If you are growing vegetables that require supports, such as tomatoes or some beans; place the supports in the containers at planting time or shortly after to prevent damaging the growing root systems.

Things You'll Need

  • Containers
  • Screening
  • Growing medium
  • Seeds or transplants
  • Fertilizer
  • Water


  • University of California: Grow Vegetables in Containers
  • Ohio State University: Container Vegetable Gardening

Who Can Help

  • University of Illinois: Vegetable Gardening Basics
  • University of Florida: Minigardening (Growing Vegetables in Containers)
Keywords: vegetable gardening, container vegetable gardening, grow vegetables indoors

About this Author

Diane Dilov-Schultheis has been writing professionally since 2000. She is a food and travel writer who also specializes in gaming, satellites, RV repair, gardening, finances and electronics. She is a member of the Society of Professional Journalists and has been published on Yahoo!, the Travel Channel and Intel.