Ivy plants are popular plants that can be grown indoors or outdoors. They have a variety of foliage shapes, sizes and colors. Ivies grow well in moist soil and can tolerate light conditions from deep shape to full sun, depending on the type of plant. Most ivy plants are easy to grow, but will require pruning to keep them from taking over the landscape.
English Ivy is a popular type of ivy that includes many different cultivars. English ivy leaves can be from less than 1 inch to more than 3 inches long. They vary in shape and color. English ivy grows well in containers, beds and as a ground cover. In some areas it climbs and covers walls and trees. Some common cultivars are asterisk, Diana, gold heart and jubilee.
Algerian ivy, which is also called Canary Island ivy or Madeira ivy, is recognized by its large, glossy, heart-shaped leaves that can grow up to 8 inches long. It makes good ground cover for shady areas and also grows well in hanging baskets. Like English ivy, it grows vigorously and will climb up trellises, trees and walls without frequent pruning. Common cultivars are gloire de Marengo, variegata and Canary cream.
Persian ivy is a cold-hardy ivy that has leaves that are 3 to 7 inches wide and up to 10 inches long and are oval or heart-shaped. It can be grown as a ground cover or in containers or baskets indoors. Some cultivars of Persian ivy are dentata, dentata variegata and sulphur heart.
Boston ivy, also called cottage ivy, Japanese ivy and Boston creeper, is a vine with tendrils and dark green leaves. In fall its leaves turn bright red and in early summer its small flowers change into blue-black berries, which attract birds. It is one of the most popular vines used in the United States and can be seen climbing the walls of many buildings on college campuses, which is where the term "Ivy League" originated. Some cultivars include Beverly Brooks, lowii and purpurea.