Augusta, Georgia, is located in the eastern part of the state adjacent to the South Carolina border. Nicknamed the "Garden City," Augusta lies in USDA hardiness zones 7b and 8a, which means the minimum average temperature ranges from zero to 10 degrees Fahrenheit. Native shrubs--such as winterberry, small anise tree and Southern wax myrtle--are the best plants to use for hedges in Augusta, because they are adapted to the local climate.
The winterberry is a member of the holly family and native to Georgia. You can plant winterberry shrubs next to each other to create a hedge. The winterberry is deciduous with green to dark green leaves in the summer, turning yellow-green with a purple tint in the fall. The shrub tolerates all types of soil and is not tolerant to drought. The shrub ranges in height from 6 to 10 feet with a spread of 5 to 10 feet, according to the U.S. Department of Agriculture. The shrub has a rounded, vase shape and a slow growth rate. The twigs are resistant to breakage. The white flowers bloom in the spring. The berries are green during the summer, turning red in October. The berries stay on the shrub well into the winter and attract birds.
Small Anise Tree
The small anise tree, also called the yellow anise, is classified as an evergreen shrub or tree. A native of Georgia, the small anise tree is used as a hedge plant and will grow denser if planted in the sun, according to the University of Georgia Horticulture Department. The plant prefers sandy, wet soil. The small anise tree has a moderate to fast growth rate and ranges in height from 8 to 15 feet and a spread ranging from 6 to 10 feet. The tree is pyramid-shaped. The leaves are light green, spear-shaped and smell like root beer when crumpled. The yellow-green flowers bloom in June and are 1/2 inch wide. The star-shaped fruit is green.
Southern Wax Myrtle
The Southern wax myrtle is an evergreen shrub native to Georgia. Part of the bayberry family, the wax myrtle is also known as the Southern bayberry or the candleberry. The shrub is used as a hedge plant and ranges in height from 6 to 20 feet with a spread of 15 to 20 feet. The shape of the plant is round or oval. The smooth bark is generally gray, although it is white on some plants, according to Wildflower.org. The leaves are gray-green to olive-green in color and are aromatic when crumpled. The green flowers bloom in the spring. The berries are pale blue and appear in the winter.