Hibiscus plants produce large blossoms in shades of red, yellow, white and lavender. Most types of hibiscus flowers appear for just one day on the plant, opening in the morning hours and fading by evening. Hibiscus plants thrive in warm regions of Florida, Hawaii and the South Pacific. These tropical plants are propagated by means of seeds and cuttings. Root division provides a quick and easy method of multiplying the number of these attractive plants in your own landscape.
Select an area of your yard for your new hibiscus plant. Most varieties of hibiscus plants thrive in bright, sunny locations, but they will tolerate some slight shade during the heat of the day. Choose a spot along a slope or near the top of a hill. Do not plant your hibiscus root in an area that experiences occasional flooding or standing water. Choose a spot that allows plenty of room for future growth. Many hibiscus plants grow between 4 and 6 feet tall and may reach an equal width in open areas of the garden.
Remove any nearby weeds and other plants growing in the area. Hibiscus plants flourish in well-drained soils that quickly shed excess moisture. Loosen the top 6 to 8 inches of topsoil in a sunny area of your landscape. Mix together equal amounts of topsoil, compost and peat. This planting medium will provide rich nutrients while allowing for good drainage.
Plant your hibiscus root in the spring. Although you can successfully plant these anytime during the growing season, spring is the best time for dividing the roots of hibiscus plants to obtain new segments. Dig a hole about 4 to 5 inches deep and a couple inches wider than the length of your root. Lay your hibiscus root horizontally across the surface on the bottom of your hole. Avoid crowding the root or bending the root. Fill the hole over the root with your prepared planting medium. Gently press down the surface of the soil to expel any remaining air pockets.
Mark the location of your hibiscus root with a small bamboo stake or garden marker. Dampen the soil to the depth of the root immediately after planting. Keep the soil slightly moist by applying about an inch of water every other day. Reduce the frequency of watering when your hibiscus shoots begin emerging from the soil. Keep the soil near the roots evenly damp during the entire growing season by watering 1 to 2 inches every week. Do not allow the soil to dry out.