Yoshino cherry trees (Prunus x yedoensis), also known as the Japanese flowering cherry, is a native to Japan and was first introduced to America in the early 1900s. This fast-growing ornamental cherry tree can reach 15 feet tall in the first three years and up to 50 feet when mature. The Yoshino cherry tree is hardy in growing zones 5 through 8 and blooms throughout springtime with fragrant white flowers, while the bark and leaves of the tree provide color during the fall and winter. Planting a Yoshino cherry tree is relatively simple with a few basic steps.
Rake and till the ground in the spring after the last freeze.
Dig a hole that is twice as deep and wide as the root ball. Set the tree in the hole so the top of the root ball is level with the ground's surface. Fill in the hole with the soil and pack down well around the base of the plant.
Water the cherry tree well after planting to help the soil settle. Keep the tree watered every two to three days a week throughout the first active growing season, from mid-spring through late summer, to help the roots become established. Water only once a week in the fall up until the first frost and then discontinue watering the tree until mid-spring of the following year, at which time only water once or twice a week.
Fertilize the tree after planting with a balanced food designed specifically for flowering trees, such as a 15-15-15. Fertilizer the tree each spring after the last frost.
Add a 2- to 3-inch layer of mulch around the tree to help the soil maintain moisture and control weeds. Use a shredded bark, chopped leaves or pine needles. Add another layer each spring to replace.