The aloe is a tropical plant that forms succulent, pointy, gray-green leaves in a rosette shape and seasonal flowers. The leaves reach a length up to 18 inches and width of 2 inches at the base of the plant. Aloe plants are hardy outdoors in USDA growing zones 8 through 11, but found more commonly growing as a houseplant in cooler climates. Propagate indoor and outdoor growing aloe plants by dividing offshoots. Divide indoor plants any time during the year and outdoor growing plants in early spring once the temperature begins to warm and there is no longer a risk of frost.
Remove the aloe plant from the growing container or dig the entire plant out of the group. Gently lay the plant and root structure on its side, being careful not to crush the roots or leaves.
Separate the root ball by gently pulling off small root and foliage offshoots with your hands. Remove as much of the attached root section as possible.
Choose planting containers that are approximately 2 to 3 inches in diameter larger than the propagated offshoot root ball. Make sure the containers have bottom drainage holes. Plant outdoor and indoor propagated aloe plants in containers.
Plant the offshoots by filling the bottom half of the container with a high-quality potting soil. Set the offshoot root ball into the container and fill soil around the roots to hold in place. Set the roots at the same depth it was growing in the previous container.
Water the soil well to stimulate root establishment in the aloe plant. Allow the water to run through the bottom drainage holes to prevent saturating the soil. Grow outdoor hardy plants in a greenhouse or indoor environment for one year to establish the root ball.
Grow outdoor hardy plants in a greenhouse or indoor environment for one year to establish the root ball. Transplant aloe plants outdoors in the spring season.