The Types of Hedge Evergreens

Utilizing different types of evergreen hedges can add lasting privacy, noise reduction, visual interest and division of gardening space. Since evergreen plants do not lose their leaves like deciduous plants, your hedges will provide a consistent function all year long. Choose the type of hedge evergreen with care requirements that complement your particular garden.

Cherry Laurel

Cherry laurel (Prunus caroliniana), also known as the Carolina laurelcherry, is a broadleaf evergreen tree with simple green foliage, showy white, cream and gray flowers and small black berries. This hedge evergreen takes on a dense oval shape with strong, lateral branches making it useful as a barrier, according to the University of Florida IFAS Extension. Thriving in full sun to partial shade, the cherry laurel tree is shade tolerant, drought-tolerant and prefers well-drained soil; do not plant on wet sites. Cherry laurels grow to a height of 25 to 40 feet and a width of 15 to 25 feet.

Eastern Arborvitae

Eastern arborvitae (Tsuga canadensis), also known as arborvitae, American arborvitae and white cedar, is a hedge evergreen shrub that displays dark green tiny round leaves packed in very densely around stems, according to the Ohio State University Horticulture and Crop Science. Eastern arborvitae plants grow in the shape of a pyramid, column or sphere, depending on cultivar. Though in residential use, they often reach a height of 20 feet and a width of 8 feet, certain cultivars can reach up to 50 feet in height and 15 feet in width. Thriving in full sunlight to partial shade, these hedge evergreens prefer moist, well-drained soil. Eastern arborvitae shrubs are heat- and drought-tolerant.

Wintergreen Barberry

Wintergreen barberry (Berberis julianae) is a small evergreen shrub with 3-inch needle-like foliage and thorned twigs; uninviting and potentially painful to the touch, this plant is well suited for use as a hedge. Wintergreen barberry plants display tiny yellow flowers during the spring season and blue-black berries during fall, according to the Virginia Cooperative Extension. Thriving in full sunlight, wintergreen barberry prefers moist, well-drained, slightly acid soil. This evergreen hedge grows to a height of 6 to 8 feet and a width of 5 to 7 feet.

Keywords: evergreen hedge plant, evergreen shrub hedge, evergreen hedge foliage

About this Author

Tarah Damask's writing career, beginning in 2003, includes experience as a fashion writer/editor for Neiman Marcus, short fiction publications in "North Texas Review," a self-published novel, band biographies, charter school curriculum, and articles for eHow. She has a love for words and is an avid observer. Damask holds a Master of Arts in English and creative writing from the University of North Texas.