How to Grow Indoor House Plants

Overview

Indoor plants appreciate much of the same care as their outdoor counterparts. These plants require ample sunlight, generous amounts of water and occasional feedings. Though each of your houseplants will require these essentials, the amount and variation will vary by plant. The trick to successful growth is simply finding the appropriate balance each plant requires. This comes with attentiveness and patience.

Step 1

Place your houseplants in warm, sunny locations. Ensure that the location receives a full day of natural light and use artificial lights to compensate for the difference. Choose locations that are away from temperature variations, such as heating vents and drafty doorways.

Step 2

Irrigate your houseplants until the water flows evenly from the pot's drainage holes, then allow them to nearly dry between each irrigation. This will reduce the potential of overwatering and resulting rot diseases. Adjust the irrigation levels for water-loving plants such as begonias, which like a consistently moist environment, and for drought-loving plants such as succulents that prefer to dry out, almost completely, between waterings.

Step 3

Feed your houseplants with each irrigation when using a water-soluble fertilizer and feed once or twice each month when using a slow-release fertilizer. Follow the instructions carefully to avoid overfertilizing and resulting root burn and injury. Irrigate your plant immediately after each feeding.

Step 4

Inspect the foliage and soil for signs of insect infestation, such as spider mites, small webs and aphids. Look for signs of fungal diseases, as well. Look for mildew leaf-spotting, dieback and growth stunt. Treat symptoms immediately to prevent permanent injury.

Step 5

Dust the foliage regularly to reduce the potential of fungal diseases and infections. Mist the foliage of your humidity-loving plants to maintain the desired levels, using a misting bottle. Mist daily during the hot, dry summer periods.

Step 6

Repot your houseplants about every two to three years and always just before it becomes root-bound. Use fresh, unused potting soil. Promote a loamy natural environment by incorporating equal parts of potting soil, perlite and peat moss.

Things You'll Need

  • Potting container
  • Water
  • Fertilizer
  • Insecticide
  • Misting bottle
  • Potting soil
  • Perlite
  • Peat moss

References

  • University of Georgia Cooperative Extension: Growing Indoor Plants with Success
  • Oklahoma State Cooperative Extension: Houseplant Care
Keywords: indoor houseplant care, caring for houseplants, growing houseplants

About this Author

Charmayne Smith is a business professional and freelance writer. She has worked in management for successful organizations since 1994. Smith draws on her business background to write articles, and her work has appeared in a variety of online outlets. She holds a degree in business from Cleveland State University.