Potatoes make a great addition to any moderately sized home garden. They grow differently than most other plants in the sense that they do not grow from a seed or bulb. A single potato can grow several eyes, each of which are capable of growing into a new potato plant. There are several methods of planting potatoes, but one of the easiest requires no actual digging and very little maintenance after the potatoes are planted.
Prepare a spot in your garden that gets partial sun. Aerate the soil with a hoe to make sure it is well-drained. If you have a lot of clay in your soil, add 3 inches of compost and mix it with the top 3 inches of your original soil.
Cut the potato into 1-inch cubes. Each individual cube should have at least one eye on it.
Place the potato cubes, with the eyes facing up, 10 to 12 inches apart on the surface of the soil. If growing multiple rows, space each row at least 24 inches apart.
Water the soil so it is evenly moist to a depth of at least 4 inches.
Cover the potatoes with 5 inches of loose straw. The straw helps the soil retain moisture, prevents weeds from sprouting and keeps the plants cool. The straw also eliminates the need for regular maintenance that is needed with other growing methods.
Keep the soil moist, but not soggy, throughout the entire growth cycle of the potatoes.