The cherry tree is a flowering, deciduous tree that usually bears fruit. These trees are related to the plum tree, but the fruit is much smaller. There are three main categories of cherry trees--sweet, sour and flowering. The sweet and sour cherries are grown for their fruit, while the flowering tree is grown for its beautiful display of spring blossoms.
The 'Yoshino' cherry tree is a deciduous, ornamental tree, prized for its flowers. The tree blooms for approximately two weeks in mid-March with clusters of fragrant, white or pink blossoms. The leaves are dark green and glossy and turn yellow in the fall. 'Yoshinos' can grow to a height of 25 feet tall and prefers full sun and well-drained sun. The tree produces a small, black fruit that attracts birds, but is not harvested because of their bitter taste. Yoshino cherry trees grow well in sandy soils with a lot of moisture. They require periodic fertilizing and must be watched and treated for insects and disease.
According to the Arbor Day Foundation, 'Bing' cherries are the most popular cherry trees grown today. They produce a large, heart-shaped fruit that is dark-maroon in color and very sweet. The 'Bing' cherry grows up to 25 feet tall and has a width of 15 feet. Another cherry tree is required for pollination of the 'Bing.' Like other cherry trees, it requires a lot of moisture and sunlight in order to produce the best crop. They grow well in sandy, loamy soils and require annual fertilization.
The Arbor Day Foundation states that 'Montmorency' cherries are the most popular sour cherries that are grown in the United States. The trees produce a large, light red fruit that is commonly used for juice and in jams and preserves. It is a self-pollinating tree that frequently grows to heights of over 30 feet tall. 'Montmorency' cherries require constant moisture, well-drained and fertilized soil and six to eight hours a day of full sun.
Japanese Flowering Cherry
The Japanese flowering cherry is a showy tree that originated from Japan. According to the U.S. Department of Agriculture Foreign Agricultural Service, this tree was a gift from Japan in 1912 as a symbol of friendship between Japanese and American people. The tree blooms from mid March to early April and grow to 25 feet tall. They are one of the first trees to bloom in the spring and have clusters of pink and white flowers. The Japanese flowering cherry is known for its weeping branches. It requires moist, fertilized soil and a lot of sunlight.