Growing your own fruit has rewards. Cornell University's horticulture department notes prolific producing plants grow in small spaces; freshly-picked fruit tastes better than store-bought; and your own yard will offer healthy edibles that are high in fiber, vitamins, and minerals. Taking time to select a good site, picking the right plants that will thrive in your region and planting them correctly will help reap good harvests.
Plant grape cuttings 8 feet apart and in rows spaced 9 feet apart in early spring in a sunny spot that has well-drained soil. Dig a hole that allows the roots to naturally spread out and cover with about 2 to 3 inches of soil. Keep the cuttings watered. When the new shoots are 10 inches long, remove all but the strongest. Train the vines to grow on a two-wire trellis system. Apply a 10-10-10 fertilizer the second year in early spring. Many varieties take up to 3 years before they are mature enough to bear fruit. American varieties can produce up to 20 lbs. per plant, and other types 10 lbs. per plant.
Grow June-bearing strawberries 2 feet apart and leave 4 feet between rows. Provide a sunny location and well-drained, fertile soil that is sandy or loamy, or in raised beds. Plant them so that the soil surface is at the crown, where the leaves meet the stem. Firm the soil around the roots, and then water the plants. Pinch off the flowers as soon as they bud to promote vigor and form runner plants. Position the runner plants at a density that is no more than five plants per square foot. They usually take two years to produce. When they do, each plant can provide from 1 to 3 lbs. of fruit.
Space blueberry bushes 4 to 5 feet apart and leave 10 feet between rows. Grow them in fertile, well-drained light soil that is acidic. Plant them in mid-fall or early spring, and position them so that the soil level resembles what they had been growing in at the nursery. Prune flowers to prevent fruit from forming the first year and give plants time to establish themselves. Blueberries can take between four to six years to start bearing fruit, but can yield up to 10 lbs. at maturity. Grow more than one bush to provide the opportunity for cross-pollination, which results in larger berries.
Plant raspberries 2 feet apart and grow rows 8 feet apart in soil that is not acidic. Plant them in the spring after all danger of frost has passed. Set the plants at the same soil depth as they were growing at the nursery. Cut 1-year-old canes, which are not green, to 4 to 6 inches above the ground. Install a trellis system to help prevent diseases and make harvesting easier. The plants take two years to start producing. Each plant grows about 1 to 2 lbs. of fruit annually.