Relax behind the natural barrier of a commanding tree. Not only do they create a noise barrier, but they also add vibrancy and color to the garden. Strategically placed among the landscape, privacy trees help to create a private oasis to shield from the nuisance of close-by homes and neighbors. Grown in a wide range, each with its own distinct shape, size and growing requirements, some trees are evergreen to create privacy all year long because of their continual color and foliage.
Yaupon holly (Ilex vomitoria) is an evergreen tree with a moderate to rapid growth rate and medium to fine texture. Growing 15 to 20 feet tall and 10 to 20 feet wide, Yaupon hollies are ideal trees to plant for maximum privacy. As an evergreen, their keep their foliage color year-round to ensure an ever-private area of the landscape. They have an upright, irregular form and dark green, lustrous leaves that grow 1/2 to 1-1/2 inches long. Beginning in winter, Yaupon holly trees produce small orange to red berries that are shiny and grow along the clustered stems. A bird attractant, Yaupon hollies are drought and salt-tolerant. Easy to transplant, the small, white flowers emerge in spring to light up the garden with color. Yaupon holly trees grow best in full sun to part shade and tolerate a wide range of soil types, including dry and moist soils. Plant Yaupon holly trees in U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) hardiness zones 7 to 9.
Eastern Red Cedar
Eastern red cedar (Juniperus virginiana) is an evergreen tree with upright, pyramidal shape and dense form that becomes irregular with age. The cascading branches hold the gray to green foliage that, when young, is prickly. Growing 30 to 40 feet tall and 10 to 20 feet wide, Eastern red cedar trees make ideal screening plants for privacy among the landscape. They have a moderate to rapid growth rate and fine to medium texture. Easy to transplant, eastern red cedars are drought and heat-tolerant, making for an adaptable tree variety. They require full sun and well-drained soils to thrive. They tolerate a wide range of soil varieties. Plant in USDA zones 2 to 9.
Colorado spruce (Picea pungens) has a dense, narrow pyramidal shape that creates an excellent privacy tree among the landscape. Growing 30 to 90 feet tall and 10 to 20 feet wide, Colorado spruce has medium texture and a slow to moderate growth rate. As an evergreen tree, its keeps its blue to silver needles all winter long. The four-sided needles on Colorado spruce grow over 1-inch long and are prickly. Colorado spruce trees are more drought-tolerant than most other spruce tree varieties. They require full sun and moist, well-drained soil, but tolerate a wide range of soil varieties. Plant in USDA zones 2 to 7a.