How to Care for Large House Plants


Houseplants seem to bring part of the outdoors inside. Large, lush plants recreate an atmosphere resembling a forest glade or a tropical garden. Like their smaller counterparts, large houseplants require sufficient amounts of certain nutrients and important elements. Because of their bigger size, large types of plants may require special considerations when growing them inside your house. Enjoy your large indoor plants by providing the care they require to flourish and mature.

Step 1

Provide the correct lighting conditions for your large houseplant. In nature, these large plants often grow as understory plants in wooded areas. Their tolerance to slight shade makes them good choices to grow in limited lighting conditions found in many homes. Check the label on your plants to determine the exact amount of light they require. Set sun-loving varieties near large windows with bright sunlight. Place varieties that enjoy shady conditions towards the interior walls of your rooms. Check the depth of color in the leaves to ensure they are getting enough sunlight. Move plants with faded, pale leaves closer to a source of natural light; relocate plants with yellow or brown, dried leaf tips out of direct sunlight.

Step 2

Trim up your large houseplants to maintain a manageable size and shape within your home. Use sharp pruning shears to remove long stems that lean away from the main plant or cause the plant to become top-heavy and tip over. Cut out sections of crowded, wilting leaves to provide adequate space for airflow around the foliage. Remove any fallen leaves from the surface of the soil in your pots. Dead vegetation on top of the soil may cause fungal and bacterial diseases in large houseplants.

Step 3

Feed your large houseplant to replenish the nutrients depleted from the soil. Select a houseplant food that lists your type of plant on the label. Apply this food, according to the instructions, when the plants begin to emerge from dormant periods of growth.

Step 4

Check the level of moisture in the soil around your large plants roots. Big houseplants often require substantial amounts of water to thrive and grow. Water your plants deeply to provide moisture to the bottom sections of the large roots. Dump out any water that flows into the drip trays to discourage diseases and pests that grow near areas of standing water.

Things You'll Need

  • Pruning shears
  • Plant food
  • Water


  • Purdue University: Indoor Plant Care
  • Texas A&M University: House Plants
  • "Botanica's Gardening Encyclopedia"; Susan Page; 2001

Who Can Help

  • Kansas State University: House Plant Care
Keywords: large house plants, houseplant care, grow big houseplants

About this Author

Laura Dee is a writer, artist, and the co-owner of Wallace & Wallace Copywriting,an online business which specializes in providing marketing materials and copy to various companies. She has written for Demand Studios since 2008 and is currently working on a series of childrens' picture books.