How to Repair a Grass Lawn


Over time, damaged spots often mar the appearance and texture of lush grass. Weeds, bare spots and unknown grass types encroaching on your yard can all lead to areas that require special care. A small lawn renovation in the problem areas will have your entire yard looking lush and green once again.

How to Repair a Grass Lawn

Step 1

Rake the bare areas with a metal rake. Scrape into the soil at least 1 inch to loosen the dirt and remove any clumps in the soil. Dig the grass from the repair area with a pointed shovel, removing 2 inches of dirt if old grass remains. Fill the area with a compost of dead leaves and organic material, working it into the ground with the metal rake. Fill a hand spreader with fertilizer and apply it to the area to be seeded.

Step 2

Apply grass seed to the repair area. Fill a spreader with grass seed and turn the handle, spreading the seed across the area. Do not use a seed labeled "Quick" or "Mixture" as these will grown quickly but are not substantial enough to continue growth. Ensure the entire area is covered in seed.

Step 3

Water the repair area well. Moisten the soil, but do not over water. There should not be any soggy areas in the seed, which will prevent germination and growth. Prevent seed run-off with a seed blanket. Cover the seeded area with a seed blanket, purchased at a local garden center. Do not use hay, as this will bring weeds into the lawn. The seed blanket will grow into the soil as the new grass sprouts. Water daily, keeping the soil moist until new grass growth is observed.

Tips and Warnings

  • Always wear gloves when handling fertilizer.

Things You'll Need

  • Metal rake
  • Pointed shovel
  • Fertilizer/Compost
  • Grass seed
  • Hand spreader
  • Seed blanket
  • Hose


  • All About Lawns: Dead Spot Replacement
  • Univeristy of Illinois Extension: Lawn Repair
Keywords: grass seed, repair grass, lawn repair