Ornamental grass species grow as tall as 10 to 15 feet and they have their own special place in a landscaping plan. Other species grow much lower--from a few inches to just a couple of feet tall--and fulfill a different need than their taller relatives. Low-growing ornamental grass is used in container plantings, as border plants, in rock gardens and along the banks of ponds and water features.
Japanese Sweet Flag
Japanese sweet flag (Acorus gramineus) is also known as Japanese rush, grassy-leaved sweet flag and dwarf sweet flag. The plant has semi-evergreen leaves growing from 6 to 14 inches tall and small, horn-shaped flowers that bloom in mid-summer. Plant Japanese sweet flag in full sun or partial shade and a soil that is moist to wet. Use the plant by ponds and ornamental pools or plant right in water that is 3 to 6 inches deep. The plant is hardy in North and Central Florida.
Blue fescue (Festuca glauca) is also known as gray fescue and garden fescue and is hardy in North Florida. The plant grows from 6 to 12 inches tall and about the same in width featuring blue-green, wiry leaves and small flowers that bloom in the summer. The leaves will have a deeper color when planted in full sun, does well in partial shade. Blue fescue is drought tolerant and likes sandy, well-drained soils, but can handle wet soils as well. The plant also stands up to the salty conditions at the shore.
Drooping sedge (Carex pendula) is also known as weeping sedge, pendulous sedge and great drooping sedge. The plant produces dark-green leaves that grow from 3 to 4 feet long that droop back to the ground making the height of the plant just 2 to 3 feet. Flowers grow in long, thin clusters on stems with the same drooping habit as the leaves. Plant drooping sedge in partial to full shade and a soil that is moist to wet. The plant is hardy in North and Central Florida.
Palm sedge (Carex phyllocephala) is hardy in all of Florida except for the Florida Keys and likes partial to full shade and moist to dry soils. The plant does very well with a combination of shade and a dry soil. Leaves grow from 1 to 2 feet tall with spreading leaves on the top that resemble a palm tree.