Potted roses are perfect for small spaces, such as an apartment balcony, limited garden area or just for setting on a patio. Miniature roses do best in pots or containers, because of their compact size and minimal care required. Potted roses are also good for cooler areas where they can be brought inside for the winter. Caring for potted roses takes very little effort, with huge rewards of fragrant flowers through the summer.
Grow your potted rose in a rich potting soil that drains well. Use a pot that has drainage holes for best results.
Set the potted rose in an area that receives at least six hours of sunlight. Turn the pot each day so all sides of the rose get equal amounts of sunlight. If the summer gets extremely hot, some afternoon shade made be necessary to keep the rose from drying out too quickly and wilting.
Water the rose each day so the soil stays moist. The water should run out the bottom drainage holes in the pot. If the pot has a saucer, empty the saucer after watering so the pot does not sit in the standing water. Always feel the soil before watering, and if it is still damp, do not water, but be careful not to let it dry out completely in between watering.
Feed your rose every two weeks with a slow-release rose fertilizer that is rich in phosphorus, such as 5-10-5. Roses grown in pots need more fertilizer than ones grown in the garden, because the nutrients get washed out quicker with all the watering required.
Prune the rose to keep tidy looking. Using clippers, cut off dead leaves and flowers as needed, and remove any canes that are smaller than the diameter of a pencil. Keep the middle of the rose open to allow for good air circulation. In early spring of each season, cut the canes back about one-third.
Check the rose often for pests such as aphids, which are more commonly found on roses. The little green bugs can be picked off, and if there is an infestation of them, use an insecticide specifically for aphids found at your local gardening store. Powdery mildew shows up as a white powdery coating on the leaves and can spread to other plants if not controlled. Cut off any leaves that have it, and keep the rose away from other plants until it is gone.