How to Plant Flowers & Trees

Overview

Flowers and trees make a large part of most people's home gardens. They come in many varieties. Trees can be evergreen, meaning they stay green all year, or deciduous, and lose their leaves in the winter. Flowers can be annual, meaning they only live for one year, biannual, meaning they live for two years (flowering in the second year) or perennial and come back season after season.

Flowers

Step 1

Find a location for the flowers that meets the particular flower's soil and light requirements. Some flowers need at least six hours of sun to grow properly, others perform best in partial to full shade.

Step 2

Add 4 to 5 inches of compost to the soil and work it in to a depth of 5 to 6 inches. This will improve the texture of the soil.

Step 3

Dig a hole as deep as the flower's root ball and two times as wide.

Step 4

Remove the flower from the container by gently squeezing the pot until the flower comes loose.

Step 5

Loosen the flowers roots with your hands and place the flowers in the holes and fill the holes in with soil. Pat the soil down firmly and water the ground until it is moist.

Trees

Step 1

Find a location for the tree that meets the tree's light and soil requirements. The site should also accommodate the tree when fully grown.

Step 2

Loosen the soil around the area you want to plant the tree with the shovel and work about 1 lb. of compost into the soil for improved texture. Loosen the soil to about 4 feet in diameter and 2 to 3 feet deep. According to the University of Missouri, trees grow best when the soil around their roots is loosened.

Step 3

Dig a hole for the tree as deep as the root ball and three times as wide.

Step 4

Place the root ball in the hole and remove the burlap sack, if it is a bare root tree. If not, remove the tree from the container, loosen the roots and place the tree in the hole. Fill the hole with soil and pat it down lightly.

Step 5

Pile soil into a ring, about 3 inches in height and 3 feet in diameter from the base of the tree and fill it with water. This will ensure the tree's roots get watered properly.

Things You'll Need

  • Shovel
  • Spade
  • Compost

References

  • North Carolina State University Extension: Types of Annual Flowers
  • North Carolina State University Extension: Types of Perennial Flowers
  • University of Missouri Extension: How to Plant a Tree
  • Clemson University Extension: Planting Trees Correctly
Keywords: plant trees flowers, plant trees, plant flowers

About this Author

Hollan Johnson is a freelance writer for many online publications including Garden Guides and eHow. She is also a contributing editor for Brighthub. She has been writing freelance since 2008 and her interests are travel, gardening, sewing, and Mac computers. Prior to freelance writing, Johnson taught English in Japan. Johnson has a Bachelor of Arts in linguistics from the University of Las Vegas, Nevada.