Pruning fig trees of any dead wood will improve the overall health of the tree. Excessive pruning to the fig tree may result in reduced fig fruit production. According to the University of Florida IFAS Extension service, since the fruit is borne on terminals of wood from the previous year, too much limb removal will cause lesser yields. Pruning of the fig tree should occur after the fruit has ripened to allow for bud initiation of the next growing season.
Remove all dead wood limbs after leaves have begun to emerge on the fig tree. These limbs will be very apparent because no leaf growth will be emitting from the ends of the limbs.
Prune all limbs that may interfere with each other. In other words, prune smaller limbs that are coming into contact with larger portions of the tree.
Make all cuts to the limbs back to the nearest bud formation. This will allow the wound to seal over and not create a hollow limb. Hollow limbs will invite wood decay organisms to the interior of the cut.
Keep the interior of the tree limb formation open. This will allow for airflow to the interior of the tree's leaves. Proper airflow will dry the leaves from early morning dew.