Prolific producers and one of the most popular home garden vegetables in America, pole beans are easy to grow and an inexpensive food source. Popular varieties include Blue Lake and Kentucky Wonder. Scarlet Runner beans produce especially attractive, bright red blooms in addition to tasty beans. Provide pole beans a structure to climb up and get ready to enjoy delicious, nutritious home grown protein.
Choose a location in full sun with well-drained soil. Wait until the frost date has pased before planting outdoors, as beans require warm soil to germinate.
Plant pole bean seeds in rows 30 inches apart, individual beans up to 6 inches apart or create small hills also spaced 30 inches apart with up to six beans in each hill.
Water the seeds until the soil is evenly moist but not soggy. Water up to twice a week, depending on the rainfall at time of planting.
Provide a support for young pole bean plants to climb for ease in harvest and to protect mature fruit. Grow the pole beans against a trellis or on upright poles arranged in a teepee formation.
Apply a 3-inch layer of organic mulch, such as clean straw, over the entire planting bed to deter weeds. Remove weeds promptly but gingerly, taking care not to disturb the shallow roots of the pole bean.
Harvest pole beans when shells appear firm and plump. Avoid picking when the plants are wet, and break the beans off without disturbing the stems and vines. Pick beans frequently, as often as twice per week, to help deter the spread of disease and encourage the plant to produce more abundantly.