Aloe vera plants are popular house plants, for both their interesting shape and their medicinal uses. This hardy desert succulent requires little water and minimal care. Aloe vera grows well in a pot on a sunny windowsill or covered porch. The thick gel inside an aloe leaf has both medicinal and culinary uses, according to the Plants For a Future database. Aloe vera grows in a circular shape from the center. Re-pot your aloe every spring to give your succulent plenty of room for the warm-weather growing season.
Mix two parts clean coarse sand and one part potting soil to create a sandy, well-draining potting mix. Alternately, pick up a potting soil mix formulated for cacti at the garden store.
Pick a pot that is 1 to 2 inches larger in diameter then the pot your aloe is in. A pot with a diameter half the length of a mature leaf is a good way to select the right pot size, according to the BBC's Nigel's Gardening Hints and Tips.
Fill the bottom 1/3 of the pot with pebbles to improve drainage. Marbles or gravel also work well. Aloe vera is a dry-climate plant that cannot tolerate standing water around the root system.
Fill the next 1/3 of the pot with the potting soil mix.
Turn the aloe plant on its side and wiggle it free from its old container. Grasp the base of the stem and gently work it back and forth until it comes free. Gently remove any small pups that have formed around the base of the plant.
Hold the aloe vera plant over the new pot so that the base of the stem is level with the lip of the pot. Fill in under the root system with soil until the plant can sit on its own in the pot. Fill the rest of the pot with soil and pat it down firmly.
Water the soil until water seeps from the drainage holes in the bottom of the pot. Leave the pot in the sink to drain thoroughly. Put your aloe vera in a sunny windowsill where it will get plenty of light. Water once a week, letting the soil dry out in between.