Many varieties of figs grow in Georgia. Fig trees thrive in most any type of soil in Georgia as well, except soils that contain root nematodes. The northern section of Georgia may be too cold to grow all varieties of figs. According to the University of Georgia, in the northern tier of the state only Hardy Chicago and Celeste should be attempted for planting. The mid section of the state can add Conadria to the list. The southern half of the state can grow almost any variety of figs available. Plant fig trees when they are dormant.
Conduct a soil test from the ground where you plan to plant the fig tree. Contact your local agricultural extension service for a soil test kit, and the particular process for the test itself. In approximately six weeks or less, you will receive a detailed analysis on what is required to add to the soil prior to planting the new fig tree.
Dig a hole approximately two times to three times the size of the root ball. Add in the correct amount of dolomitic limestone to raise the pH level to an appropriate proportion in the soil for fig trees. That pH level is generally in the range from 5.5 to 6.5.
Set the seedling fig tree into the hole. On bare root seedlings, you may wish to cut back the upper 1/3 of the seedlings' tops with the pruning shears. On container-grown trees, place the root ball into the soil 4 inches deeper than the level of the container soil. Container-grown fig trees may not require the top cut as bare root trees.
Water the new seedling a few times immediately after planting. This will remove any air from around the new fig tree's roots.
Add the correct type and amounts of fertilizer as per the soil test results. If no soil test was conducted, add approximately 1½ ounces of the 8-8-8 fertilizer, evenly distributed around the new tree. Water in the fertilizer thoroughly so the chemical reaches the root system of the fig tree.
Water the fig tree on a weekly basis between 1 inch to 1½ inches, unless rainfall is adequate to this measurement.