How to Grow Cucumber From Seed


The taste of a fresh salad can be even better when you add in a few slices of cucumber. Notorious for their distinct flavor, homegrown cucumbers are known to have a stronger taste than store-bought cucumbers, making salads that much more delicious. Grow cucumber from seed in the ground or in a pot, and you will be eating fresh cucumber from your own soil within 55 to 65 days.

Step 1

Loosen the soil throughout your garden bed up to 10 inches deep to prepare it for your cucumber plants. Mix in a shovel full of compost for each square foot of growing space in the bed to improve the soil and add the feed the plants will need to grow well.

Step 2

Draw up a mound 16 inches across and 10 inches tall for each set of two to three plants you want to grow, spacing each mound 4 to 6 feet apart. Work the soil with your hands as needed to create a basin at the bottom of each mound to help hold and collect water.

Step 3

Set up a trellis or drive a garden stake into the ground near the center of each mound. No matter the size of your trellis, pinch back the main stem of your cucumber when it reaches the top to encourage lateral growth.

Step 4

Plant four to six seeds 1 inch deep at each mound, spacing the seeds 1 to 2 inches apart. Cover the seeds and press the soil down over them. Water each mound to wet the soil without drenching it.

Step 5

Keep the mound damp for a month as the seeds germinate and start to grow. Once your plants are growing, help train them to the supports with plant ties. Water the cucumbers to keep the soil from going dry by filling the basin until water stands in it each time you water.

Step 6

Harvest the cucumbers when they are ripe by cutting ready cucumbers from the stem just above the top of the cucumber. Harvesting multiple times a week will keep the plants productive and flowering.

Tips and Warnings

  • Cucumber plants are prone to powdery mildew, a fungus which makes the surface of the leaves appear powdery white before wilting the leaves and killing the plant if left untreated. To avoid powdery mildew, don't wet the foliage of the plant during watering and try to water in the mornings. Treat with a spray solution at the first sight of powdery mildew.

Things You'll Need

  • Shovel
  • Compost
  • Hoe
  • Garden stake or trellis, 2 to 5 feet tall
  • Cucumber seeds
  • Gloves
  • Knife


  • "Vegetable Gardening: Your ultimate guide"; Robert J. Dolezal; 2000
  • "Growing Fruit and Vegetables"; Richard Bird; 2003
Keywords: growing cucumber seeds, planting cucumber seeds, growing cucumbers

About this Author

Margaret Telsch-Williams is a freelance, fiction, and poetry writer from the Blue Ridge mountains. When not writing articles for Demand Studios, she works for as a contributor and podcast co-host.