From the fiery chili to the sweet and mild bell, all peppers belong in the family capsicum. Originating in the Central and South Americas, the chili and the mild pepper are now used by people all over the world for food and spice. Grow peppers in pots on the porch using a mixture of peat moss and compost. The peat moss provides moisture for the root system while the compost provides your pepper plant with all the nutrients it needs to grow big, tasty peppers.
Fill a seed-starting tray with damp peat moss. The University of Arizona says a sterile seed-starting medium, such as peat moss, is important for the successful germination of seeds.
Put the pepper seeds into the peat moss and press them gently into the peat moss until they are covered to a depth of 1/4 inch.
Place the planting tray in a sunny area that will remain between 68 to 95 degrees Fahrenheit. At this temperature your seedlings will germinate in seven to 14 days, according to South Africa's Department of Agriculture, Environment and Rural Affairs.
Transplant the seedlings when they reach 3 to 4 inches tall. Fill a 12-inch container with a damp mixture of equal parts rich, well-rotted compost and peat moss. Prepare one container for each transplant-ready seedling.
Put the potted seedlings in a sunny area. You can move them outside if the daytime temperatures remain above 68 degrees F. Be sure to bring them in if nighttime temperatures threaten to drop below this temperature.
Water whenever the soil begins to feel dry. Keep the soil damp but not saturated for the length of the growing season.